GRAPE is an international multidisciplinary research project investigating the emergence of farming economies in the South Caucasus and the influence of the Near East on the development of local Neolithic cultures and, conversely, the influence of Caucasia on the Near East.
The excavations are sponsored by the Georgian Wine Association and the National Wine Agency of the Ministry of Agriculture under the umbrella of a larger international project entitled “Research and Popularization of Georgian Grape and Wine Culture” which aims to investigate the roots of wine production in the ancient world.
Photo of carbonized grape seeds from Gadachrili Gora excavations. Photo by Emily Railsback.
Neolithic Qvevri (wine jar) from Khramis-Didi-Gora. c.5500 BCE.
Archaeological work has also revealed two levels of occupation dating to between 5650 and 5950 BCE. The site contains a series of circular structures, domestic nature that are made of both plano-convex and regular mudbricks, with diameters between 1.5–2.5m in addition to small circular storage bins of varying size. Different spatial organization can be observed between the two levels, with the upper Stratum 1 consisting of smaller, but more densely arranged structures organized around one large main circular building, whose diameter is estimated at up to six meters.
The earlier Stratum 2 reveals a less densely occupied settlement arranged in parallel rows of more evenly spaced buildings arranged on an east–west axis, with spaces between the rows dedicated to storage.
Interior and exterior surfaces consist of a series of laminations of hard, compacted clay layers with frequent ash lenses of indeterminate origin. Lithics are predominantly made of obsidian and are found in significant numbers in both levels. Ceramics, while present in both levels, are less frequently represented in the upper stratum of occupation.
David Lordkipanidze, SCIENTIFIC DIRECTOR is an anthropologist and archaeologist and General Director of the Georgian National Museum. He is best known for his excavations at Dmanisi in Georgia.
Lordkipanidze has received many awards, including Georgia's Order of Honour (2000), Award of the Prince of Monaco (2001), the French Order of "Palmes Academiques" (2002), the French Order of Honour (2006) and the Rolex Award for Enterprise (2004). He was appointed Director General of the Georgian National Museum in 2004. In 2007, he became both a Foreign Member of the United States National Academy of Sciences and a Fellow of the World Academy of Art and Science.
Dr. Patrick E. McGovern, SCIENTIFIC ADVISOR directs the Biomolecular Archaeology Project at the University of Pennsylvania Museum in Philadelphia, where he is also an Adjunct Professor of Anthropology and Consulting Scholar in the Near East Section. Over the past two decades, he has pioneered the exciting interdisciplinary field of Biomolecular Archaeology which is yielding whole new chapters concerning our human ancestry, medical practice, and ancient cuisines and beverages. Popularly, Dr. Pat is known as the "Indiana Jones of Ancient Ales, Wines, and Extreme Beverages." He is also the author of Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture (Princeton: Princeton University, 2003/2004).
Dr. Mindia Jalabadze is the Chief Curator — Department of Collection Management and Department of Precious Metals, Georgian National Museum. He received his PhD in 1998 from I. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University. He has worked on various archaeological sites of different periods in Georgia, and has been directing the work at Gadachrili Gora since 2006.
Irakli Koridze is an archaeologist and curator at the Georgian National Museum. He received his PhD in 1972 from I. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University in Oriental Studies. He has worked on numerous archaeological projects across Georgia, as well as a number of international exhibitions of Georgian archaeology and culture around the world, including Wine, Worship and Sacrifice: The Golden Graves of Ancient Vani, exhibited in the United States in 2007.
Dr. Stephen Batiuk is currently a Research Associate in the Department of Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations and the Archaeology Centre of the University of Toronto. With more than 20 years of fieldwork experience he has participated in over 12 different archaeological projects from CRM (Cultural Resource Management) work in Canada to projects in Ethiopia, Turkey, Israel, Romania, France and Georgia. His more recent publications and research are focused on understanding the origins of wine production in Transcaucasia (specifically Georgia) but perhaps more importantly, the spread of this early Georgian wine culture across the entire Near East and eventually the rest of the world. Dr. Batiuk brings a well developed skills in landscape and materials analysis, particularly ancient ceramics.
Andrew Graham is currently employed by the University of Toronto Mississauga as the Finance Lab Manager for the Li Koon Chun Finance Learning Centre. He received his MA in Near Eastern Archaeology in 1999 and is currently a doctoral candidate in Near Eastern Archaeology focusing on ancient ceramic technology and how that relates to or informs on our understanding of ancient societies. He has over 16 years of fieldwork experience working on six different archaeological projects from CRM work in Canada to projects in Greece and Jordan. Similar to Dr. Batiuk, Mr. Graham also brings a whole host of skills focused on materials analysis (ceramics) as well as educational pedagogy well suited to to archaeological field schools.
Kathryn Weber is a doctoral candidate at Cornell University. Her dissertation research focuses on human-animal relationships and emergent social inequality in the Bronze Age South Caucasus, for which she has conducted stable isotope analysis on animal bones and teeth, as well as faunal analysis of three sites in the Republic of Georgia. She trained in zooarchaeological identification and interpretation with Dr. Nerissa Russell at Cornell University. Ms. Weber's interests include: mobile pastoralism, landscape, political authority, and mortuary studies. Over the past four years, she has spent a total of 12 months living in Georgia, and is a fan of all things Georgian — especially food, language, and wine!
The deadlines for fees payable to the University of Toronto are as follows:
• Application fee of $200: due February 13, 2017
• Deposit of $1000: due March 15th
• All remaining fees and medical clearance form: due March 23, 2017
OSAP extension possible if currently on OSAP OR can apply for OSAP if doing a 1.5 credits in the summer
2. Summer Abroad Awards:
Summer Abroad awards (2 at $3000 each)
Woodsworth Students: Rose Patten, John Browne, Track and Wilcox Awards (Woodsworth students)
Based on financial need AND academic merit
Must have 4.0 UofT credits by December 2016
Application included in body of Summer Abroad application
Application deadline: February 13 at 5pm
International students not eligible
Simonds Travel Award (St. George students, preference to WDW)
Application details included in application
3. Arts and Science:
Walter and Mary Tuohy Award
Deadline March 16
Mandatory Costs Paid to U of T
Application Fee $200 - Subtracted from Field School fee
Course Fee For one full-year credit (NMC 261Y)
Domestic Student $1,725
International Student $2,880
U of T Incidental Fee $170
Field School Fee $3,500
Airfare $1,280 - Estimated international flight fare
Medical Travel Insurance Students must provide proof of medical insurance
Miscellaneous Expenses All students should budget for personal expenses
Approximate Total Program Costs INCLUDING Field Trips
Domestic Students $6,875 (Not including mandatory medical travel insurance)
International Students $8,030 (Not including mandatory medical travel insurance)
In search of the roots of the vine...
Archaeological Field School in
the Republic of Georgia
May 3–June 12, 2017
Gadachrili Gora is a Neolithic village located on the Shulaveris Ghele, a tributary of the Khrami River near the city of Marneuli in the Kvemo Kartli region of the Republic of Georgia. The excavations are undertaken by the Georgian National Museum, under the directorship of Mindia Jalabadze. Gadachrili Gora forms part of a trio of Neolithic villages, including Shulaveris and Imeri Gora. These villages have been dated to the 6th millennium and are part of the Shulaveris-Shomu culture, which can be found across central Caucasia, and represents one of the earliest known Neolithic cultures of the region.
The large morphological variability of certain domesticates found in the South Caucasus has led many to consider this region an important ancient center for the domestication and diversification of various cultivated plants. With over 500 varieties of grape, the one of largest in the world, it has long been suggested that Transcaucasia is the ancient homeland of the vine.
Excavations at Gadachrili Gora were initially undertaken in the 1960's by S. Janashia of the Georgian State Museum. In 2006–07 and again in 2012–13 excavations were re-initiated by the Georgian National Museum (in conjunction with the CNRS).
Students will stay in farm houses in a local village near the site.
MEALS AND SUPPLIES
Breakfast, lunch (sandwiches, tomatoes, cucumbers, and fruit) and dinner will be provided seven days a week. The cost of room and board for the five weeks is $3,500.
Gadachrili Gora is located approximately 10km south of the city of Marneuli in the Kvemo Kartli region of southeastern Georgia. It is roughly one hour from the capital of Tbilisi by bus. The group will have weekly field trips around the country, visiting other archaeological and historical sites, as well as wineries.
Travel to and from Georgia are at the student’s expense, but is purchased through an prearranged travel agent to ensure that all student arrive in Tbilisi at the same time on May 3, 2017. Different departure dates can be arranged by the student with the travel agent. Travel expenses in country, both for the excavations and field trips, are included in the Project Fees.